Queen Elizabeth II, 87, with Prince Philip, 92 is today in Rome fulfilling an invitation she had to reschedule in 2013 due to ill health. Last year the Queen was to meet Italy’s President Giorgio Napolitano. Her one day visit to Rome brings her to a private lunch at the presidential Quirinale Palace with the Italian President and then to have tea with Pope Francis.
The Holy Father created 98 year old Archbishop Loris Francesco Capovilla a Cardinal of the Holy Roman Church. Because of age Capovilla did not go to Rome to receive the cardinal’s rad biretta and ring, so the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Angelo Cardinal Sodano, went to him to bestow the honor in Sotto il Monte. This town is the area where Angelo Roncalli was born. Cardinal Capovilla received as his titular church Santa Maria in Travestere. The former cardinal titular of Santa Maria is Jozef Glemp of Warsaw who died in January 2013.
His Eminence has been a priest for 74 years and a bishop for 47. He’s the former archbishop of Chieti and the former Prelate of Loreto.
The new cardinal was the distinguished secretary of Blessed John XXIII, to be canonized on 27 April 2014.
A brief video of the ceremony is here.
On the day in which your designation is made public to be part of the College of Cardinals, I wish to express to you a cordial greeting together with the assurance of my closeness and my prayer. I hope that, as associate of the Church of Rome, clothed in the virtues and sentiments of the Lord Jesus (cf. Romans 13:14), you will be able to help me, with fraternal effectiveness, in my service to the universal Church.
The Cardinalate does not signify a promotion, or an honor, or a decoration. It is simply a service that calls for enlarging one’s vision and widening one’s heart. And, although it seems a paradox, this ability to look far ahead and to love more universally with greater intensity can only be acquired by following the same way of the Lord: the way of abasement and humility, taking the form of a servant (cf. Philippians 2;5-8). Therefore, I ask you, please, to receive this designation with a simple and humble heart. And, although you must do so with joy and gladness, do it in such a way that this sentiment is far from any expression of worldliness, from any celebration that is foreign to the evangelical spirit of austerity, sobriety and poverty.
Farewell, then, until next February 20, in which we will begin two days of reflection on the family. I remain at your disposition and, please, I ask you to pray and to have others pray for me.
May Jesus bless you and the Holy Virgin protect you.
From the Vatican
January 12, 2014
Wow! What a letter to read! Imagine receiving such a letter if you were nominated to the cardinalate in the Catholic Church. The papal letter is brief, direct, and an unexpected fraternal gesture expressing clear hopes (expectations?) for the men entering into the College of Cardinals. I hope not only the cardinals listen to what the Holy Father has to say, but the rest of us, too. What is said to the new cardinals is said to all the faithful!
Symbolic of the new form service for Christ and the Church is the adoption of the color red, expressed most often as “the red hat” (seen above) and the reception of a new ring. These are classic signs to the deeper reality of love and service. The wearing of the color red, the donning of the biretta (hat) and the wearing of the cardinal’s ring is a clear sign of willing to die for the Church, and to be of service to the Church at all costs. You might say that being a cardinal is all-consuming in all forms of service that others (deacon, priest, bishop & faithful lay person) may not have: the prayers for the new cardinal at the time of the consistory have a clear element of martyrdom in them. The martyrdom of a cardinal –which hasn’t happened in a while– ought to be a spark for new life in the Paschal Mystery.
One of the striking lines in the Pope’s letter is enlarging one’s vision and widening one’s heart. Other parts of the letter that we ought to note is how the cardinal relates to the person of the bishop of Rome: in a personalistic way. Moreover, Francis asks the new cardinals to celebrate with joy yet in a sober manner that is not triumphalistic keeping in mind what the Scriptures reveal.
Pope Francis was not innovative in announcing his intention to create new cardinals on 22 February 2014. This is his first “class of cardinals” and if the Pope remains in office for the next several years he will be able to re-create the composition of the College in a very significant way with about 40 cardinals. Previous popes were expansive in many ways in how they composed the College.
The make up of the College of Cardinals is further internationalized with the number of Europeans and bishops from the USA being held steady, 5 new cardinals are from the “margins.” Most of the new men in the College are boilerplate in the sense that most got the honor because of the work they do in the Curia or in their respective churches. Surprises were Haiti, Cotabato, Burkina Faso and Dominica, but not Turin and Venice. Haiti’s cardinal is the first for that country as is Dominica in this hemisphere. Not so surprising is the Pope’s looking over the Archivist of the Roman Church, Archbishop Jean-Louis Bruguès, OP; there has been great tensions between the two since Bergogolio’s time in Argentina. Personally, I am happy to see a Cistercian prelate named cardinal (of Benedictine heritage) and yet I was expecting for more Asians and Africans, but… the Pope did not create a woman cardinal as some in the media were desiring.
The Holy Father made the announcement today. Some notes about the new church princes: